Are you always stuck for ideas when it comes to plants for your home and garden?
If so, you're in for a treat today as we give you the lowdown on 28 glorious plants to transform any garden.
Top 28 best house plants reviewed 2018
1. English ivy
“Itsy Bitsy”, “Curlilocks”, “Gold Child” and “Glacier” are just a few varieties of ivy that are commonly grown. They are all slightly different with some having creamy white leaves, others having yellow leaves and even some with plain green leaves. The leaves can be found with distinct looks as well. Some are curly, some are blunt, and some are variegated.
English Ivy (Hedera helix) is the most commonly grown cultivar of the ivy genus.
English Ivy can thrive both indoors and out, so long as you take proper care of the plant.
The stems of the plant are dotted with small roots that grow along them. These roots make it possible for the English Ivy plant to climb walls, trellises, fences, trees and nearly all other vertical surfaces. The stems like to creep across the ground as well, and the vines can grow more than 50 feet long.
Though many people love to use English Ivy outdoors to camouflage unsightly walls or to provide screening on a trellis, this plant can be grown indoors as well. In fact, English Ivy is one of the best indoor plants available.
When grown indoors, English Ivy can be planted in a pot or in hanging baskets. English Ivy is a beautiful if simple plant. The stems will hang over the edges of their planting pots, crawl along shelves, trail over the edges of furniture and bring a look of simple elegance to your home.
Ivy is easy to care for, but there are steps that must be taken to do it properly. When growing your English Ivy indoors, there are several things you ought to do to protect it and to help it thrive.
Keep your English Ivy plant away from heating vents and drafty windows. English Ivy likes air that is cool and moist, so you want to make sure it does not dry out and that the soil remains slightly damp. You should mist the leaves often to help keep them from becoming dry and brittle.
English Ivy can grow fine in shaded areas, though it will grow best in bright light (not direct sunlight). Bright light is especially beneficial for leaves that are variegated in color.
Make sure you fertilize your English Ivy plant a few times a year, to keep it healthy and allow it to grow to its full potential.
Because dust will collect on your English Ivy plant, you should wash the plant on occasion. This is simple to do, just place the plant in the shower allowing the water to rinse of the dust and any pests that might have made the plant their home.
2. Ponytail palm
Hailing from its native Central America, this Ponytail Palm (Beaucarnea recurvata) plant is quite unique. If you've ever considered indoor palm trees, the Ponytail Palm is a fantastic choice for a palm house plant.
Ponytail Palm is also known as Elephant's Foot Tree, but you might be surprised to know that it is not actually a palm at all – or even a tree.
Ponytail Palm is a succulent plant that is often thought to be a palm because it has a solitary trunk with a fringe of leaves poking from the top. The trunk is bulbous which allows it to store water, and the leaves grow wild from the top of the trunk, like a ponytail, hence the name of the plant.
When allowed to grow in the wild in Central America the Ponytail Palm can reach up to 30 feet in height. Don't worry, it won't grow this tall in your living room. This common house plant will grow as much as you allow it to, depending on the container you put it in. If you leave it in a small container without ever replanting it to a larger one, the plant will remain small.
Common house plants have different needs, but the Ponytail Palm is an incredibly easy plant to grow in the home.
Luckily for those among us who don't have a very green thumb, the Ponytail Palm is a very forgiving plant. You might have to actually work hard to kill it instead of keeping it alive!
Nonetheless, there are several things you can do to help your Ponytail Palm plant thrive in your home.
Ponytail Palms do best when they receive lots of bright direct sunlight. Like we said though, this plant is forgiving. Even if you cannot provide the plant with the bright sunlight it loves year-round, it will still be happily growing. Do try to set the plan outside or near a window where it can get bright light about half the time, though.
Ponytail Palms are succulents, which means they actually prefer conditions that are drier than some other plants like. You will still need to water your plant, but not as often. Let the soil dry out a bit between watering times so that you don't overwater the plant. Remember that it can store plenty of water in its trunk, as well.
Be careful to not fertilize your Ponytail Palm plant too often. It will need to be fertilized a couple times a year, but too much and you could cause the leaves to turn brown.
3. Rubber plant
You might have several varieties of houseplants around your home, from Ivy to flowering plants, but do you have any indoor trees?
There are many types of indoor trees that you can grow in your home, and one of the most popular ones is a Rubber Plant Tree, formally known as Ficus elastica. When allowed to thrive in their natural habitat in eastern India, the rubber plant tree can grow over 100 feet tall.
While the rubber tree plant can grow to impressive heights in the wild, the growth can be intentionally stunted to allow the plant to better suit an indoor situation. If you want your rubber tree houseplant to remain relatively small, then plant it in a small pot and leave it to grow in that pot. If you desire a larger tree, then when your rubber plant begins to reach the limits of the small pot, replant it in a larger pot. Continue replanting until you are satisfied with the size your plant has reached.
It might be tempting to buy a mature plant and just keep it alive, but it is better to get your start with rubber tree plants while they are young. The younger the plant is when you begin caring for it, the better it will do in an indoor environment.
When it comes to rubber plant care, you'll be happy to know that it is fairly simple. As with all plants, achieving the right balance of light and water is important in the quest to helping your rubber plant grow well.
Your rubber tree will thrive in a warm and humid environment. Rubber plants do not do well in dry air or when the ambient temperature is too cool.
A rubber tree plant grows best when it is exposed to bright light, but it needs to be indirect light. This can be accomplished by placing it near a window that has plenty of light streaming through, but that is covered by sheer curtains. This way your rubber plants will get adequate sunshine without getting too hot.
The rubber tree needs different amounts of water, depending on the time of year. During the summer growing season, you need to keep the plant well-watered. This will include misting the leaves or wiping them with a damp cloth. During the dormant winter season, you may only need to water the rubber plant once or twice a month.
You need to ensure your plant is getting enough water to survive, but not so much that you drown it. Leggy stems and droopy leaves are a sign that your rubber plant is thirsty and needs some more watering. If the leaves begin to turn yellow or brown and fall off the plant, this is a sign that it is getting too much water.
Originating in the Arabian peninsula, Aloe (Aloe barbadensis) is now grown in tropical regions the world over. For thousands of years people all around the globe have been growing Aloe plants for medicinal purposes. Aloe offers many benefits when used in this manner, but it can also be grown as an ornamental houseplant.
Aloe belongs to the succulent family of plants. Succulents are closely related to cacti and because of this, they much prefer warm and dry environments to grow in.
If you live in a warm climate you can easily grow Aloe outdoors on your balcony or patio, but if you live in a cooler area, you'll do better when growing Aloe Vera indoors instead.
Aloe plants will not get very tall whether they are grown outdoors or inside. The plant has virtually no stems and will grow only to be about three feet tall at most. The leaves of the Aloe plant are thick and green with serrated teeth along the edges and they are filled with a thick and gooey gel that can be used to treat burns or rashes.
An incredibly resilient plant, the Aloe plant can tolerate a lot of abuse and neglect before it succumbs. Even though it is an easy to care for plant, you should still be mindful of the things your Aloe plant needs and accommodate those needs if you want your plant to grow well.
You shouldn't need to fertilize your Aloe plant, but if you choose to do so you should only do it once a year and do it with a light hand. Use a fertilizer that is water based and dilute it halfway.
Aloe is one of many low light houseplants, meaning it doesn't need direct sunlight. However, the ideal lighting condition for Aloe is one that is bright and sunny, and it does need this type of lighting to reach its full potential. If your Aloe plant is kept in low light, it will probably go dormant and stop growing for a while until you give it more light.
Plants native to dry areas are used to getting drenched and then going long stretches without being watered. Aloe is one such plant, and this is how it should be watered by you. The thick leaves and roots of the Aloe plant store a significant amount of water, so it does not need watered very often.
Heavily water your Aloe plant and then allow the soil to become completely dry before you water it again. Aloe is not a plant that needs daily watering, you should only need to water every two weeks or so.
If you see limp or brown leaves, this is a sign that the roots are being over watered and that they are rotting – killing your Aloe plant.
You can buy these plants in many places, like online, a local nursery or you can eve find Aloe Vera plant at Home Depot.
5. Peace lily
Discovered in Central America in the 19th century, the Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum wallisii) is just one of the 40 varieties of a tropical evergreen that is native to that region. Today there ae many beautiful cultivars that have been created through hybridization of the plant, and most are readily available for purchase.
The Peace Lily is one of the best house plants available, and it is quite popular. Part of this stems from the fact that this beautiful flowering plant is simple to care for. A Peace Lily is a great plant choice for home or office.
Not only will this simple plant bring life to an otherwise drab space, Peace Lilies have been shown to clean air pollutants from the room they are in. A study done by NASA found that Peace Lilies were effective at removing formaldehyde, benzene, xylene, toluene, ammonia and trichlorethylene from the air.
The glossy leaves of the Peace Lily are a deep, dark green and they can grow to be about 6 inches long. The spadix flowers of this plant are protected by the white leaf bract that twists out above the stem. The blooms of the flowers can last a month or more, depending on the lighting conditions provided for the plant.
Growing to a maximum height of about 24 inches, the Peace Lily is relatively small for a houseplant, but because of this it gives you more flexibility in decided where to place the plant.
Caring for a Peace Lily is straightforward. As with all plants, the Peace Lily needs adequate water and light, but they must come in a careful ratio.
Lilies in general are most likely to die from over watering, and this is the most common cause of death for Peace Lilies as well. Under watering your Peace Lily is less likely to result in its death than giving it too much water.
When watering your Peace Lily, instead of doing so on a set schedule, check the soil before you water the plant. If the soil is still damp your plant does not need to be watered, but if the soil is dry to the touch then your Peace Lily needs some water. Peace Lilies are very tolerant of drought, so you can often get away with waiting until the Lily starts to droop before watering it.
Low to medium light will be sufficient for your Peace Lily, but the amount of light your plant receives will have a direct role in the flowering process. If your plant is in a spot where it will receive a lot of bright indirect light, it will likely produce more flowers than if it is placed in an area with low light.
Make sure to clean the leaves of your Peace Lily once a year. They will tend to collect dust and the dust will clog the plant's pores. Simply spray the leaves off with a gentle shower, or wipe them down with a soft, damp cloth.
If you are looking for a Peace Lily, Home Depot is a good place to start, but you can also find them at local nurseries or even on the internet.
6. Spider plant
When looking at house images you are likely to see a plant of this variety somewhere. The Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum) is also known by many other names such as “spider ivy”, “ribbon plant” and “airplane plant”.
The Spider Plant is a perennial flowering plant and is native to tropical Africa though it now naturally grows in other areas of the globe, like Australia.
Easy to grow and virtually impossible to kill, the Spider Plant is highly adaptable and can thrive in almost any condition you place it in. Spider Plants are a fantastic choice for the beginner horticulturist or for those among us who habitually kill off plants in the house.
Images of Spider Plants show a bright leafy green plant with many tendrils trailing out and down from the mother plant. There are several Spider Plant varieties. The leaves of this plant are usually green with a white stripe down the center, though some have darker green leaves with white on the edges.
This plant will flower as well. Over time you will notice loose clusters of small white flowers in the shape of a star. The flowers will bloom along the stems of the plant and small plant-lets will grow alongside. These can be gently removed from the plant and potted in soil to grow a new spider plant.
Spider Plants can grow just about anywhere, but because the leaves hand out over the side of the container these plants tend to look their best when planted in hanging containers or when placed on a table or shelf where they are free to grow.
Don't expect a large plant when growing Spider Plants. They tend to grow only about two feet tall while the leaves that hang down can grow to be about a foot and a half long.
When considering the needs of this plant you will be happy to know that it can tolerate a lot of mishandling without dying. Spider Plants care is quite simple.
Place it in a room that gets plenty of light but don't place it in direct sunlight. A well-lit window with a sheer curtain would be an ideal spot for the Spider Plant to live.
In the growing seasons of spring and summer, the Spider Plant is a very thirsty plant and requires ample watering to stay alive. You should also spray the leaves with water throughout the dry months of the year.
In the winter the Spider Plant grows far slower, reducing the amount of water it needs. Try to keep the plant away from any source of hot air so that the leaves don't dry out.
7. Air plant
Growing everywhere from northern Mexico and the southeastern United States to the Caribbean and Argentina, the Air Plant (Tillandsia) is very unique. There are over 600 species of these perennial evergreen flowering plants that are part of the Bromeliad family.
Air Plant varieties are able to grow almost anywhere. They flourish in tropical rainforests along the equator, grow upon rocks in saxicolous regions and thrive on tree tops in the swamps of Louisiana. They make excellent low light indoor plants for the home or office as well.
Because there are so many varieties of Air Plant, there is no one way to describer them. They come in an array of colors and sizes, and no two are alike.
Some of the most popular varieties are the Caput Medusae or Medusa's Head Plant and the Tillandsia Sky Plant.
Most plants draw their nutrients and their water up through their root system in the soil. Instead of relying on a root system, the Air Plant uses leaf scales called trichomes to absorb its needed moisture and nutrients from the air around it. The main thing that has set Air Plants aside from the other plants out there is that they do not need to rely on soil for their survival. They don't even need to be planted into a pot or anything at all.
Tillandsia Air Plant varieties grow in two ways, epiphytically and aerophytically. Plants that are epiphytes grow on an organic surface, like a tree trunk or another plant. Aerophytes have little in the way of a root system and are able to grow on soil that shifts often.
Air Plants with thin leaves grow best in areas where there is a lot of rain and moisture whereas the varieties with thick leaves do well in areas where the climate is rather dry.
Your Air Plant will need to be placed in an area where it will receive bright sunlight. During the spring, summer and fall it will do best in indirect light, but during the winter you will need to make sure it is getting direct sunlight.
The plant should draw in plenty of moisture from the air around it, but you might find that it is sometimes not enough. To help keep your Air Plant hydrated, mist it with water a couple times a week.
If your plant starts to turn brown or begins to wilt, then it is not getting enough moisture. You can place the whole plant in a bowl of warm water for 10 minutes to an hour, depending on how dry it is. If your Air Plant looks swollen after this soak, you allowed it to soak for too long and it absorbed too much water and you need to shorten the soak next time. Shake excess water from the plant and allow to air dry.
Containing well over 1000 known species, the Piperaceae family is home to the Peperomia plant. Native to the subtropical and tropical regions of Central and South America, the majority of these plants are perennial epiphyte plants that grow on rotting wood.
Though there is a large volume of Peperomia growing in the world, only a small portion of them are cultivated and sold to people. You can find the widest variety of these plants at botanical gardens and arboretums, though some plant fanatics might have been able to get their hands on some rare varieties.
Peperomia plants might be native to tropical regions, but you don't have to live on the equator to grow them. With your careful hand helping them along they can also thrive as tropical house plants.
Some of the more common varieties of Peperomia are:
- Peperomia obtusfolia, or Baby Rubber Plant
This genus is bushy with variegated dark green leaves. This is the most commonly found variety of Peperomia.
- Peperomia argyreia, or Watermelon Peperomia
This widely sold variety of Peperomia has leaves that mirror the pattern found on watermelons, hence the name. The leaves are quite large, but the plant remains small.
- Peperomia puteolata, or Parallel Peperomia
With a striking parallel pattern on its oval shaped leaves, this Peperomia plant grows vertically and is another popular choice for a houseplant.
- Peperomia ferreyrae, or Peperomia Happy Bean
Growing from a single stem, this small and bushy Peperomia plant features slim leaves that are curved and lengthy.
As with most houseplants, the Peperomia houseplant can survive in low lighting. The Peperomia quite prefers low lighting away from direct sunlight. Great for an office environment, Peperomia can even do well under fluorescent lighting.
Another reason Peperomia plant care is so easy is that they do not require daily watering. Instead, you should water your plant sparingly. The soil needs to be allowed to dry out between waterings as well. Check about 5 inches into the depth of the soil, and if it is dried out then your Peperomia is ready for a drink.
The roots of your Peperomia plant need to be allowed to get enough oxygen, too. Make sure the plant is potted in a soil mixture that has coarse gravel to allow for air circulation to the roots. If the leaves of the plant begin to wilt, it is likely your plant is not getting enough oxygen at the root.
9. African violets
With hundreds of genera spread across thousands of species, the Gesneriacae family of herbaceous perennial flowering houseplants is a large one, and it is the family where we find the African Violet (Saintpaulias).
This family of plants is native to tropical Africa, specifically Tanzania and Kenya. The African Violet is a very popular choice among house plants for sale, but it can also be grown outdoors.
African Violets can be a bit needy at times causing gardeners to be intimidated by them. Once you know how to properly care for African Violet houseplants you will not be as nervous and will soon have some beautifully frilly flowering plants growing in your home.
Since these flowers are native to a tropical region, they will do best when grown in a warm climate. If the temperature drops below 60°F/15.5°C, then your beautiful flowers might die. The ideal temperature for them is between 65°F/16°C and 75°F/24°C. Also, try to keep your plant away from chilly drafts and avoid drastic temperature changes.
The area of the world that these flowers originate is a very humid area, and as such you will want to keep the area you are growing them in humid as well. If you keep them at their ideal temperature and mist them often with lukewarm water, you can mimic this humidity and help them to thrive.
Your African Violet sunlight needs might be difficult to meet. The plant will grow best when it is allowed to receive bright light. Try not to expose it to too much direct sunlight though, or the leaves will turn yellow an develop holes. The plant will have plentiful blooms in the spring and summer. If you miss the flowers during the winter months, you can use artificial fluorescent lighting to encourage your plant to bloom.
When watering your African Violet, you need to be careful. Watering is where most people make their mistake with this lovely plant and unintentionally kill it. An overwatered African Violet can quickly die.
Never use cold water for your African Violet. Cold water will not only prevent your plant from growing any larger, but it will discourage blooms, create unattractive spots on the leaves and cause the plant to lose its luster. When you water your plant, be sure to use lukewarm water.
Additionally, make sure that you are not overwatering your plant. The African Violet prefers soil that is slightly dry. Check the soil and if it feels moist on top, wait to water the plant. Don't water until the soil feels somewhat dry when you touch it.
African Violets also need fertilized more often than a lot of other house plants for sale. Find a fertilizer that is made special for African Violets or be sure to use one that is free from urea. Use this fertilizer on your plant every couple of weeks.
10. Phalaenopsis orchid
If you want an exotic plant in your home, but don't want the work that typically comes with caring for one – you are in luck.
Native to large swaths of Asia, Bismarck Archipelago and Queensland, the Phalaenopsis orchid is one of 60 species in the Orchidaceae family. This type of orchid is also commonly known as a Moth Orchid, and it is one of the most popular orchids available.
The Phalaenopsis is oftentimes found in spas, hotels, office and restaurants and it is one of the most sought-after low maintenance plants.
The plant is comprised of a single stem that will produce one or two fleshy leaves per year. Should your plant be very well taken care of and healthy, it could have up to ten leaves a year. A cluster of flowers will begin to protrude from between the leaves and will stay in bloom for a few weeks. When kept as a houseplant, the flower's blooms can last several months.
The plant can grow up to 3 feet tall, but if the stem begins to bed a bit you will need to stake it so that the stem can't bend too much and break. Usually when you purchase your Moth Orchid it will already be staked, though. The flowers of this orchid can come in a wide variety of bright colors, so you will be able to find something you love.
Moth Orchids prefer a range of temperatures like those found in their native growing regions. During the day the room temperature needs to be between 65°F/16°C – 85°F/24°C, but at night the orchids should be kept in a room that is cooler, around 60°F/16°C – 65°F/18°C.
Your orchid will not do well if it is left in a room where the air is too dry. If the air in your home is dry, you will need to supplement your orchid with more moisture by misting it or by using a humidifier in the room where the orchid is kept.
Orchids like bright light, but not direct sunlight. They do best when they are allowed to receive bright light for the majority of the day. This can be a problem for many growers and often people choose to use artificial light in addition to sunlight to help their orchid thrive.
Be careful not to overwater your Phalaenopsis orchid, otherwise it will rot. Don't add water at the crown of the stem either, or it will rot. You don't want the soil to be kept wet either, instead allow the soil to get dry to the touch before you water your plant.
Fertilize your orchid every two weeks in the spring, summer and fall. Use a special orchid fertilizer for optimal growth.
Belonging to the Crassulaceae family of plants, the Kalanchoe has around 125 species of tropical flowering plants that are succulents. These plants are native to tropical parts of Africa as well as the island of Madagascar. Kalanchoe was among the first plants sent into space in 1971 aboard the Soviet Salyut space station.
There are a wide variety of Kalanchoe types available, and they are good indoor plants. Most varieties are perennial herbaceous shrubs, but some are annual or biennial plants. While the largest one, the Kalanchoe beharensis can grow up to 20 feet tall, the majority of plants in the Kalanchoe genus are much smaller, growing to only around 3 feet tall.
Kalanchoe plants have leaves that are nearly as attractive as their blooms. They are a deep, rich green and scalloped on the edges and they last long after the flowering bloom dies away.
One very popular variety of Kalanchoe is the Kalanchoe daigremontiana, which is also known as the “Mother of Thousands”, “Mexican Hat Plant” and “Devil's Backbone”.
While this plant will almost never bloom when raised indoors, it can bloom with small lavender flowers that appear in clusters if raised in the right conditions. When the flowers die the main plant will also die, but not without giving new life.
However, the flowers are not the main point of interest when it comes to this plant. Instead, the leaves are the important and most eye-catching factor. The Mother of Thousands Kalanchoe houseplant has leaves that are oblong and fleshy, growing to about 8 inches long. The leaves have beautiful coloring with a bright green on top and a purplish hue underneath. Along the edges and on the tips of the leaves there are small bulbs that contain baby plantlets.
Throughout the life of the plant, the baby plantlets will fall from the leaves and grow almost anywhere. If the plant dies, these baby plantlets will fall and bring forth hundreds of new plants. Because of this, many people who grow the Mother of Thousands prefer to grow it alone in a pot, away from other plants.
This plant can thrive either indoors or out, depending on temperature and humidity levels. Kalanchoe plant care indoors is simple. Kalanchoe do not like humidity, so keep them in dry places. Also, keep the temperature between 65°F/16°C – 75°F/24°C and allow it to get at least 4 hours of sunlight a day. The Kalanchoe will do well in either direct sunlight or in shade that is kept bright.
Because this is a succulent, it doesn't need a whole lot of watering. Allow the soil to dry out between waterings, and don't let the leaves stay wet. Overwatering will cause your plant to die.
12. Jade plant
Because there is such a wide variety when it comes to succulents, people often look at them and wonder “what plant is this?” One common succulent that is available is the Jade Plant (Crassula Ovata), which is also known by its nicknames “lucky plant” or “money plant”.
This succulent plant is native to Mozambique and South Africa but has easily taken up residence in many homes and offices around the world as a lovely choice of house plant. Many people think that the Jade Plant is a good luck symbol, and you are in luck when it comes to caring for this plant because it is very easy to keep alive.
The Jade Plant is similar to a bonsai plant, though somewhat smaller. The plant has a thick and short trunk with branches protruding. The trunk and branches will never become thick and wood-like though. Instead they will be fleshy and succulent throughout the life of the Jade Plant.
The leaves of the Jade Plant are thick and oval shaped. They are shiny and are dark and jade green in color. When exposed to high levels of sunlight, the edges of the leaves can develop a red tinge, adding to the beauty of the plant.
Once the plant has matured and if kept in ideal conditions, the plant can produce white or pink flowers shaped like stars. The plant will bloom in the fall if it blooms at all.
When caring for a succulent plant like a Jade plant, there is not much stress over it. Jade Plants can last a lifetime, but you need to be consistent in their care to achieve this.
Jade Plants like to be in areas that are warm in the day and cooler at night, mimicking their natural environment. Keep them away from cold though as Jade Plants will die if exposed to temperatures below 55°F/15°C. Also, don't leave them where they'll catch a chilly draft.
When you are watering your Jade Plant, allow the Jade Plant soil to dry out before watering it again. It needs to be watered regularly, but not saturated. Also, do not get the leaves of the plant wet or they will begin to turn brown and rot.
As with most succulent plants, the Jade Plant does well in direct sunlight. Your plant will need to be exposed to at least four hours a day of bright direct sunlight for optimal growth.
Jade Plant benefits include the fact that they don't need to be fertilized ore than once or twice a year. Jade Plant fertilizer is nothing fancy either, just use a simple one and don't worry about your Jade Plant care indoors. It is easy!
The monocot flowering plants of the Bromeliad family are part of a genus that has a whopping 3475 known species in it. Native to the tropical Americas, these plants will bring a tropical feel to your home without all the fuss that generally goes into caring for tropical plants. Additionally, Bromeliads are among the list of plants that clean the air.
The sizes of the plants in this family span a wide range. The smallest Bromeliad is Spanish Moss while the largest is the Puya raimondii which can grow to be 13 feet tall with a flowered spike that can reach nearly 33 feet in height.
Often clinging to trees and other plants and structures, Bromeliads are epiphytic plants. They are not parasitic and won't hurt other plants, they just use them as perches or support. Many Bromeliad species are air plants, meaning they have little in the way of a root system, instead gathering all they need from the air around them.
Most Bromeliad plants look quite unusual with heir bright colors, interesting patterns and thick leaves. The foliage of Bromeliads naturally grows in a rosette.
The leaves of Bromeliads are shaped like scoops and are sword-like, and they grow around the center of the plant like a cup to catch water.
Bromeliads will generally not produce any flowers until they are near the end of their lifespan. Once it is close to death, your Bromeliad might bring forth a flower or an inflorescence. Each variety will produce a different type of bloom, and they vary greatly in color and size.
Bromeliads are easy to care for, so they are great choices for houseplants. These types of plants are easily found in gardening centers or nurseries and can even be purchased online.
To water your Bromeliad plant, simply fill the cup shaped part of the plant that is at the base of the leaves. The plant will take what it needs from this. Once a week you should empty the cup to remove any stagnant water or bugs. Don't let the roots of the plant get soaked or you will rot them and kill your plant.
Bromeliads like to be kept in humid environments, so keep them in a warm moist area and don't allow them to get too cold.
Though they are easy to care for, Bromeliads will not often last more than a few years before they begin to die, but you can use the offsets to grow new plants.
Coming from the tropical Americas, there are dozens of species in the Marantaceae family, including the Calathea plants. Commonly nicknamed “Prayer Plants”, Calatheas are popular for growing in pots in homes or offices. They often have decorative leaves and provide indoor flowers.
One popular plant in this family is the Calathea veitchiana, or the Medallion Prayer Plant. This specific variety hails from the subtropical forests of Ecuador. These plants can be easy to grow, but they do have specific needs that need to be met.
The plant has several long stems that end in large leaves. The leaves are gorgeous with an attractive pattern. They are a glossy dark green and often have stripes of pink or yellow, and the pattern of the leaves looks feathered. The underside of the leaves are unique as well, with a reddish and purplish hue to them. As the Calathea ages, the stripes will change from pink to white.
The Calathea plants will not grow to be too large when they are kept indoors. You can expect that your plant will not reach more than two feet in height or two feet in width. The plant can also be grown outdoors and looks great on porches, decks and garden borders.
As the Calathea hails from a subtropical region, it grows best in an environment that can mimic this habitat. Calatheas like warm air and humidity. Don't let the temperature fall below 60°F/15.5°C degrees or your plant will not do well. Instead keep the air between 65°F/18°C – 75°F/23°C. To keep the air moist, you can use a humidifier if your rooms are dry.
Calatheas much prefer bright sunlight, and lots of it, but they do not need to be exposed to direct sunlight to thrive. Find a window that gets plenty of light throughout the day and seat your Calathea there.
The plant will need to be watered as needed, but do not overwater it or you will kill the roots. Throughout the year and especially during the winter months, make sure you allow the soil to dry out a bit before you water the plant again.
The plant will only need fertilized during the active season, between April and October. Use a balanced fertilizer every couple of weeks to feed your Calathea.
Prayer plants like Calatheas are often prone to pests, so be sure to inspect your new plant before bringing it into your home. You should also check your plant periodically to make sure there are no aphids or spider mites making homes among the leaves.
As you can see, Calathea plant care is quite simple.
15. Dragon tree
A lovely and durable houseplant from Madagascar, the Dragon Tree (Dracaena marginata) is part of the Dracaena family of plants. When making the plant list for your home, this unique tree should definitely be on it.
Madagascar Dragon Tree houseplants are relatively easy to grow and maintain. If you've ever wanted an actual tree in your home, then this one should be right up your alley. When kept indoors, these slow growing trees can grow to be six feet tall.
The trunk of the dragon tree will produce many stems from its sides. To keep the tree from looking unkempt and overgrown, it is necessary to prune some of these stems away.
Adding to its interest, this tree can have three different types of leaves. The leaves are all slim and arching from the branches, but there are variations in the colors. One type of leaf is green with thick red edges, another is dark red on the edges with a dark green center and the last is green in the center surrounded by red and yellow stripes.
The Madagascar Dragon Tree takes awhile to reach maturity when compared to other houseplants, but it will be worth the wait. After about three years the plant will reach a foot tall and begin to look lush and palm-like. You can expect to wait closer to 10 years for the tree to reach its maximum height though.
Dragon Trees can survive cooler temperatures, but should really be kept in areas above 50°F/10°C. While the trees do like warmth, they are not fans of hot or stuffy rooms, so keep them away from the ducts of central heating systems.
When it comes to watering, the Madagascar Dragon Tree is a champ, and can go long spurts without being well-watered. However, you should check it often to see if the soil is dry. The ideal soil will be slightly moist, but not wet or you'll rot the roots.
Over time some of the leaves will begin to die and fall away from the tree. This is not cause for concern, it is natural for the tree to rid itself of old leaves and grow new ones. Once the leaves begin to turn brow you can remove them so that your Dragon Tree remains looking nice.
Another benefit of the Madagascar Dragon Tree is that it can help improve the quality of the air in your home. A study done by NASA concluded that the Dragon Tree is useful in removing many pollutants and chemicals from the air, improving the air your family is breathing.
While you shouldn't experience any Dragon Plant infestation, be sure to check often for mealy bugs and other pests.
An extremely popular houseplant, the Philodendron comes from the Araceae family of plants. This type of plant is a great option for both beginners as well as experienced interior gardeners. It has been a mainstay in home gardens for generations and it is easy to see why.
Philodendron varieties are exceptionally easy to care for, and they quickly adapt to your home's environment. Philodendrons are also great at letting you know what they need, and as long as you are paying attention to the signs you can keep this plant growing for a long time.
While most houseplants do not like being moved from the indoors to the outdoors too often, Philodendrons can handle this without a problem. The Philodendron indoor plant will do best but taking it out into the natural sunshine is great on occasion, and it also allows you the opportunity to wash off the dust and give the soil a lot of fresh water.
Because the Philodendron is extremely simple to care for and thrives indoors without complaint the whole year through, many people want to know what kind of plant is this. Well, it is one that everyone should have in their home or office!
The leaves of the Philodendron are often quite large. They are typically oval shaped though they are often found in other shape forms. Often baby plants will have leaves shapes like hearts, and heart leaf Philodendron care is different, but the leaves will change in shape as the plant matures.
The plant won't necessarily produce traditional flowers but will produce an inflorescence which is similar to a flower. Philodendrons can produce up to 10 inflorescences at a time
Philodendron plants like indirect sunlight, but they like it to be bright. Don't place your Philodendron is a place where the sunlight will touch the leaves of the plant, instead place it near a window that gets plenty of light without flooding the sunlight into every inch of the room. If your plant is getting too much light, the leaves will begin to yellow, and the stems will get quite leggy and spaced out too far.
Be careful not to over water your Philodendron. If the leaves start to get droopy this is a sign that your plant is getting too much water. Check the top inch of soil when you feel your plant needs watered. If one inch into the soil is dry, then your plant is probably ready to be watered.
With over 1800 different plant species, the Begoniaceae family will have something for everyone to choose from. The Begonia varieties list is long! Begonias are perennial plants, meaning they will last for a long time.
Begonias are among the best office plants and are often used as ornamental plants in indoor gardens as well. The Wax Begonia houseplant is one of the more popular varieties.
Begonias are native to tropical and subtropical areas such as Central and South America, Africa and southern Asia. Even though they thrive in warm and humid environments, they can be grown in temperate areas as well. Begonia indoor plants will thrive if you treat them well.
The leaves of the Begonia plant are large in size and often have interesting patterns and variegation in them. Some indoor Begonia types are grown just for their beautiful leaves while others are prized for their flowers.
Can Begonias live indoors? Yes, most can. If you wish to grow a Begonia variety that belongs to the tuberous type, you will have a difficult time. Rhizomatous and fibrous types are excellent types of Begonia house plants.
When you grow Begonias indoors, it can be difficult to keep them healthy. If you've ever looked at Begonia diseases pictures, you know that disease isn't anywhere near the threat level that root rot is. Root rot often stems from overwatering of Begonia houseplants. Because it can be tricky to know when your plants need water, many Begonia experts will wait until the leaves of the plant begin to droop a little before they water the plant.
Also, to avoid fungal disease taking hold of your Begonias, make sure you water the plant at the soil level below the leaves and not all over the flower crowns.
Begonia houseplants need humidity, but this can be difficult in a warm and dry home during the winter. You can place your Begonia plants on a tray that has pebbles and water in it so that they can get some of the humidity they need without risking overwatering and root rot. Many flowers from tropical regions need to be misted, but do not mist your Begonia plants or you risk a fungus called powdery mildew.
You shouldn't have to worry about pests or bugs with Begonias, as they tend to be resistant to these things. However, you should often check for insects and bugs just to be safe.
18. Crown of thorns
Native to Madagascar, the Euphorbia milii or the Crown of Thorns (also called “Christ Plant” or “Christ Thorn”) belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family of spurge plants. It is believed this plant was brought to the Middle East in ancient times and legend has long associated the plant with the Crown of Thorns worn by Jesus Christ in the Christian Bible.
The Crown of Thorns is a climbing shrub, but different from others this plant is actually a succulent. It can grow up to nearly 6 feet tall and has slender stems that are densely wrapped in spines that can reach over an inch in length.
The leaves of this plant are short in length but broad and oval in shape, and they are a vibrant shade of green.
The Crown of Thorns does produce flowers. They are small (less than half an inch in diameter) and held in place by bracts that act like petals. The flowers vary in color, appearing in shades of red, white or pink.
It can often be difficult to find a plant that does well in the variable conditions of people's homes, but the Crown of Thorns does well in this.
While not hardy, this plant is fairly forgiving and can do well in most homes. It adapts quickly to variations in temperature (as long as it isn't too low), and while it is not counted among plants that don't need sun, it is still simple to give it what it needs.
The Crown of Thorns can handle temperatures as low as 50°F/10°C in the cooler months of the year and up to 90°F/32°C in the hotter months of the year. The ideal temperature range for these plants to thrive is 65°F/18°C – 75°F/24°C. Normal room temperatures are fine for the Crown of Thorns, and it will adjust well indoors. Do try to keep the plant away from drafty windows and air vents, though.
When it comes to sunlight, the Crown of Thorns needs to be exposed to at least three or four hours of direct sunlight every day. Place your plant in a sunny location to ensure it gets what it needs.
Watering the plant will differ throughout the seasons. In the spring, summer and fall, check the moisture of the soil an inch deep. Only water the Crown of Thorns if the soil is dry for the first inch. In the winter, increase this to the first two or three inches of soil.
19. Christmas cactus
With only 6-9 species among it, the small genus of cacti in the Schlumbergera bridgessii family is found growing naturally in the mountains of Brazil. The cacti in this family are a far cry from their cousins that dwell in the desert, because these plants grow on rocks or trees in shaded areas of coastal mountains.
If you are looking for house plants that look like Christmas trees, you won't find that here. The Christmas Cactus is a hybridized variety of the Schlumbergera plant. The plant flowers in the winter, usually in December in the Northern Hemisphere.
The Christmas Cactus is not one of the tall indoor cactus plants you can find, as it generally only grows to be about 10 inches tall while being around 24 inches in diameter. The stem of the cactus has segmented parts that are rounded and flat and serrated on the edges. At the end of these segmented sections is where the flowers will bloom. The stamens of the flowers are a bright neon pink.
Your plant will bloom between November and January, and the blooms will last up to eight weeks. The flower is tube shaped and looks like it is a double flower. What appears to be the outer flower is short leaves the curl around the base of the inner flower. The flowers are a beautiful shade of pink.
You can help encourage your Christmas Cactus to bloom. If you want to do this, throughout the fall you will need to put your cactus in a dark room for 12 – 14 hours a night. If there are any segmented parts of the plant that are less than one centimeter long in the early part of September, pinch them off for better results at flowering time.
Most people make the mistake of treating these plants as though they are typical cacti instead of tropical ones. If you want your Christmas Cactus to last, you will need to be sure to treat it the way it needs to be cared for, mimicking its home environment as closely as possible.
When temperatures drop below 50°F (10°C) the plant will die. To avoid this, the ideal temperature range for the plant is between 60°F/15°C – 70°F/21°C. During the Christmas Cacti's annual resting period between February and March, keep it between 55°F/13°C and 59°F/15°C.
Outside of the flowering period, this plant should only be exposed to partial sun. During the fall and winter, it needs to be exposed to full direct sunlight.
When watering, remember that even though this is a cactus it is a tropical variety. The top inch of soil should always feel moist to the touch, but the soil should never be allowed to become water logged.
20. ZZ Plant
Native to parts of eastern and northeastern Africa the Zamioculus zamifolia is a tropical perennial plant that belongs to the Araceae family of plants. This plant is more commonly known as the “ZZ Plant”, the “Zanzibar Gem”, the “Zuzu Plant” or the “Emerald Palm”.
The ZZ Plant is one that is darn near indestructible, meaning it makes a great beginner plant or a fantastic plant for someone who can never manage to keep a houseplant alive for long. Even someone with a perpetual brown thumb would have a hard time killing off the ZZ Plant.
Once found in shopping malls and office buildings throughout large cities, the ZZ Plant has become more of a staple for purchase in nurseries as well as large big box retail stores.
If you are wondering if you can grow a ZZ plant, the answer is yes. It is extremely easy to grow and maintain a ZZ Plant, and it can be enjoyable as well.
Growing up to two feet tall, this isn't a huge plant, but it is an eye-catching one. A lot of indoor gardeners are after indoor hanging plants, but potted plants can be just as attractive and easier to grow.
The stems of the ZZ plant start out in a bulbous shape, tapering to a point as the extend outward. They are long and graceful with some arching over and some sticking straight up. Stems of the ZZ Plant can grow to be around two feet in length.
Extending along the stems are the oval shaped leaves of the plant. They are dark green and have a waxy substance coating them, making them look shiny and almost artificial.
ZZ Plants don't do well in direct sunlight. The leaves will begin to scald, curl and turn yellow. The plant prefers a bright room that provides it with indirect light, but it also does will in low-light situations like those found in bathrooms and offices that only have fluorescent lighting.
When you water your ZZ Plant, be sure you have let the soil dry out. Pretty much the only way to kill the ZZ Plant is to over water it, so don't do that. The plant is able to go long periods without water due to its rhizome-like root. Too much water and the rhizome rots, killing the plant. Though the plant does not need watered daily or even weekly, you should still check it periodically to see if the soil is dried out. Once dry, water your ZZ Plant.
21. Mother-in-law's tongue
The Aspragaceae family of plants is home to the Snake Plant (Sansevieria trifasciata) which is native to the tropics of Africa from the Congo to Nigeria. The Snake Plant is more commonly known by its nickname, “Mother-in-Law's Tongue”.
The Mother-in-Law's Tongue plant is an easy one to grow for beginners and veterans alike. Tolerant and adaptable, it is a difficult plant to kill.
Snake Plant varieties give you much to choose from. This one gets its name from the look of its evergreen leaves. The leaves grow upward from their Rhizome root and look like sharp swords protruding from the soil. The Mother-in-Law's tongue is a succulent type plant, and while it does flower, it doesn't do so very often.
The leaves grow up from the soil in the shape of a rosette. The leaves have the look of leather, though they are green and variegated in color, often found with white or golden edges. Among the list of tall indoor plants is the Snake Plant. The leaves on this one can result in the Snake Plant reaching around 3 feet tall.
When this plant has reached maturity, it will sometimes produce small flowers that are a greenish white color. Some Snake Plants flower while others do not, there is no real way to force this to happen and it seems like its more by luck than a consequence of care.
Snake Plant benefits include the fact that they are among the plants that were tested by NASA and determined to be good for purifying the air. Researchers found that Snake Plants can remove toxins and chemicals from the air and improve the quality of the air, so it is better for you to breathe.
The Snake Plant prefers average warmth between 60°F/15°C and 75°F/24°C. Do not allow the plant to be in an area that will drop below 50°F/10°C though, or it will start to die.
Your Mother-in-Law's Tongue plant can tolerate chilly drafts as well as warm, dry air. However, the plant will fare better when it is kept in average house humidity.
The Snake plant stores water within itself, due to the fact that it is a succulent. Because of this, you will not need to water it as often. During the spring, summer and fall, water the plant when the soil becomes dry to the touch. Throughout the winter you will only need to water your Snake Plant about once a month.
Trees, shrubs and lianas in the Araliaceae family include the genus Schefflera which is full of flowering plants. When allowed to grow in their natural habitat Schefflera plants and trees can grow up to 98 feet tall.
A few varieties of Schefflera have been cultivated to be grown as houseplants. The most common of these are Schefflera actinophylia also known as the “Umbrella Tree” and Schefflera arboricola which is the “Dwarf Umbrella Tree”. These houseplant varieties of the Schefflera plant can be kept to a manageable size of four to ten feet, making them large indoor plants.
You will probably be pleased to know that Schefflera plants like the Umbrella Tree and the Dwarf Umbrella Tree are exceptionally easy to care for once you get the hang of it.
Depending on the type of plant you purchase, there can be a bit of variety available. Umbrella trees can have multiple trunks, generally they have two. From this trunk many branches will be extending, and those branches will have multiple leaflets. The number of leaflets varies from branch to branch, but there are usually four to twelve on each branch. The leaflets form an umbrella shape over the end of their branch, hence the name of the plant.
The leaflets are oval shaped and are around five inches long and two inches wide. They are a glossy green color but can have some variation. Some plants will have leaflets that are variegated as well, and often the leaves with have a purple hue.
The Dwarf Umbrella Tree is nearly Identical to the Umbrella Tree, but it is much smaller. It can be pruned back and treated like a Bonsai tree.
When the Umbrella Tree is grown outdoors it will produce bright red tentacle like flowers, but the plant does not flower at all when grown indoors.
If it is properly cared for, the Umbrella Tree will live a long life, bringing beauty to your home or office for years to come.
The tree grows well in average temperature ranges, between 60°F/15°C and 75°F/24°C. The Umbrella tree is also fine with normal indoor humidity levels, but if your room is too dry and stuff you might need to supplement with a humidifier.
Lower lighting conditions can be tolerated without real harm to the tree, aside from slowing the rate of growth. However, Umbrella Trees much prefer bright indirect sunlight to thrive.
Only water the tree when the soil feels dry to the touch. Over watering your Umbrella Tree will quickly kill the plant
Native to the West Indies, Mexico and Argentina, the Dumbcane Plant is a member if the Dieffenbachia genus of the Aracaea family of plants. It is a tropical flowering plant that is perennial and herbaceous.
When cultivated, many are used as ornamental plants – especially as houseplants and for use in offices. The Dieffenbachia houseplant is one of many easy indoor plants, and they are quite attractive, too.
Dieffenbachia varieties aren't too plentiful, but the plant is still very pretty when used as indoor foliage.
The Dieffenbachia plant grows from a solitary stem that is straight. The leaves that protrude from the stem will grow to be about 20 inches long and 10 inches wide.
The leaves of the Dieffenbachia plant are yellow near the base and along the center of the leaf, but that quickly turn to a deep shade of green as you get near the leaf's edge. There is no consistency to the change in color, making each leaf look as though there are ribbons and flecks of yellow on the body of the leaf. No two leaves will look the same, even when they are on the same plant.
IN perfect conditions the Dieffenbachia will produce small green flowers, but they are not impressive and a genuine waste of the plant's energy. Many Dieffenbachia owners will remove these buds once they appear. If you do this, be sure to thoroughly wash your hands afterward, as the sap of the plant is toxic.
Dieffenbachia plant care is quite simple as the plant is extremely easygoing and not at all finicky about its situation.
The Dumbcane Plant can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, from 40°F/4°C to 90°F/35°C. With prolonged exposure to temperatures outside this large range, the Dieffenbachia plant will likely die.
There is no reason to use humidifiers for this plant, or to keep it away from certain areas of the room. Dieffenbachia plants are perfectly content with normal room humidity.
For optimal growth, the Dumbcane Plant prefers bright sunlight, but not direct sunlight. The plant will do just fine in the shade and will even continue to grow there, albeit much slower than normal. The Dieffenbachia lighting requirements, or lack thereof, are one of the main reasons this is such a popular choice as a houseplant.
While the Dumbcane plant can handle long periods without water, you will want to make sure the soil is moist at all times if you want it to reach its full potential. When the plant is well-watered the leaves will feel stiff, but when it is in need of water the leaves will shrivel.
24. Cast iron plant
When it comes to low maintenance indoor plants, the Cast-Iron Plant (Aspidistra elatior) is a top pick.
This flowering plant from the Aspragaceae family is native to the islands of Japan and Taiwan and it is widely grown for use as an ornamental houseplant.
The Cast Iron Plant grows to be around two feet tall and two feet wide and it is an evergreen rhizomatous perennial.
People who don't have much time or energy to devote to caring for a plant are huge fans of the Cast Iron Plant, as it is extremely hardy and easy to maintain.
The plant has many stems growing up out of its rhizome root. At the end of the stems you will find large leaves that can grow to be around a foot long and about five inches wide. Where the leaf attaches to the stem, it looks as though it is rolled but then the leaf opens and narrows to a point at the end. The leaves of the Cast Iron Plant are a vibrant dark green with cream colored stripes down the edges or center of them.
Though incredibly rare, the Cast Iron Plant can indeed produce flowers. You might never know if yours does this though, because the flowers grow at the base of the stems and they are quite tiny. The main purpose of this plant is for its attractive leaves to be used for a decoration in the home or office.
The Cast Iron Plant can tolerate temperatures as high as 75°F/24°C and as low as 45°F/8°C. They can also do just fine in dry air conditions in the home, but they do best in normal household humidity.
Avoid allowing your Cast Iron plant to sit in direct sunlight as this light will burn the leaves of the plant. This plant is perfectly happy in rooms with low levels of light, as well as areas that are brightly lit.
If you over water the plant, allowing the soil to become soggy, your plant will probably die. To water properly, check the soil the plant is in. If the first inch of the soil is dry, then your Cast Iron Plant could use some water. While its not a good idea to completely neglect the watering of your plant, the Cast Iron Plant is quite tolerant of droughts. Should you forget to water it for a few weeks it will likely be just fine.
Many people shy away from indoor flowering plants because of the care that must be taken when helping them to grow. There is nothing wrong with this, as there are many types of plants that are easy to grow indoors, and they have no flowers as well. Indoor ferns are a great option if this is what you are looking for.
One of the best indoor ferns is the Boston Fern, or Nephrolepis exalta. Another name for this plant is the “Sword Fern”. These types of indoor ferns come from tropical regions of the world like the swamps and humid forests found in South and Central America, Mexico, Florida, the West Indies, Africa and Polynesia. Boston Ferns are in the Lomariopsidaceae family of plants.
When compared to many other varieties of ferns, the Boston Fern is much easier to care for. While many ferns will only survive when grown in terrariums, this variety of fern will do well in hanging baskets or in pots, as long as conditions are kept where they need to be.
The fern grows from a root system and attached to it are many leaf stalks that are tough but flexible. These stalks are covered in a whole lot of tiny little leaves, giving a feather like appearance to the fronds of the fern. When the fronds are growing, they can reach up to three feet long, and the will arch up and over the side of whatever container you are using to grow the plant.
Ferns are not flowering plants, as stated above. Some people are fans of this whereas some are not.
Boston Ferns are often displayed in hanging baskets that allow the fronds of the fern to hang down. Mature plants are also often placed on pedestals in pots, while young plants do well in a normal pot and are best left to do their thing in a window.
Ferns prefer humid air, so they are big fans of being displayed in bathrooms. You can even just take the plants into the bathroom while you shower, allowing them to be exposed to the warmth and humidity int there while you are getting clean.
Boston Ferns are not going to do well if exposed to cold rooms or if they are placed near a heating vent. The ideal temperature range for Ferns is between 60°F/16°C and 75°F/24°C, but do not let your fern be exposed to temperatures lower than 55°F/13°C or it will die.
Make sure your ferns get adequate sunlight, though not direct sunlight. Light that is filtered through sheer curtains works well.
Ensure that the soil remains moist at all times, but don't allow it to become soggy.
26. Green shamrocks
Shamrocks are thought to bring good luck. They are flowering house plants in the Oxalidaceae family which is home to almost 600 species of plants. Green Shamrocks grow throughout the entire world except in polar regions, and there is extreme diversity in the plants in areas of Brazil, South Africa and Mexico.
Green Shamrock plants often remain quite small, not growing more than six inches tall. The leaves of the Green Shamrock houseplant can appear in a range of green shades. The leaves are shaped like clovers, and some people believe that if you find a shamrock with four leaves, you have been blessed with good luck. During the nighttime the leaves of the Shamrock plant close up, and in the morning when the sunlight returns the leaves will reopen.
If you are wanting a flowering house plant, you won't have to wait long. During the fall, winter and spring the Shamrock plant will produce some tiny little white flowers that are delicate.
The Green Shamrock indoor plant is simple to grow and adds a sweet touch of life back into your home or office in the fall, winter and spring. While many houseplants thrive in the springtime and summer, Greek Shamrock houseplants go dormant in the summer time. During this reset period, the leaves will die back a bit and the plant needs to be left in a dark place to prepare itself for the next growing season. This period of dormancy can last anywhere from a few days to a few months, but when new plant shoots begin to appear you will know that your plant is ready to go for another round.
Once the new shoots of the plant appear in the fall, make sure you keep the soil moist. Don't over water the plant but work to keep the plants watered every few weeks and keep the soil moist. Allow the soil to get dry before you water the plant again. You can usually get away with watering the Green Shamrocks only once or twice a month.
When the new shoots of the plants start to grow, you need to make sure your Green Shamrock is getting enough sunshine. Shamrock plants like bright and sunny light, but they don't like it to be direct sunlight.
Shamrock plant care indoors is quite easy, but you do need to make sure you are doing things correctly so that your plant will thrive.
Growing Azaleas indoors is an enjoyable task that results in beautiful brightly hued flowers. It might be a little difficult to care for azaleas indoors, but once you know what you're doing it is much simpler.
Nicknamed the “Live Forever Plant”, Azaleas are found in the Rhododendron genus and they are flowering shrubs that are part of the Ericaceae family of plants. They call many places home, including North America, Europe and Asia.
For hundreds of years, people who love plants have been selectively breeding Azaleas, This has resulted in there now being over 10,000 different cultivars of the Azalea plant.
Are Azaleas indoor or outdoor plants? Well, they can be both. Hardy Azaleas are meant for growing outside, while greenhouse Azaleas are intended to be grown indoors. Azaleas are well suited to being planted in containers for display indoors as well.
There are both evergreen and deciduous Azalea plants. Azaleas grown in North America are called native Azaleas and they all drop their leaves in the fall (deciduous). The leaves of deciduous Azaleas are usually large, growing more than six inches in length. The flower colors for these cultivars of Azaleas can be found in pinks, purples, red, oranges and yellows.
The evergreen Azaleas that are native to Japan have purple pink and red flowers, but no orange or yellow ones. The leaves of the evergreen Azalea plant are quite short, rarely growing to be more than two inches in length.
Sometimes the Azalea plants can have different colored flowers on the same plant, but usually they are all the same color. The blooms occur from April to May, and sometimes as late as August. The flowers will last for a couple of weeks.
When grown indoors, Azaleas do much better when kept at cooler temperatures. The optimal temperature range is between 60°F/16°C and 65°F/18°C. Keeping your plant at these cooler temperatures will also allow the blooms to live longer.
When it comes to watering your indoor Azaleas, know that they need a lot of attention. If you want your Azalea plants to last, you must keep the soil consistently moist. Don't allow the soil to become soggy, but don't let it dry out either.
You should occasionally give the whole plant a dunk in some water – yes, even the pot. Fill a large container with water and hold the entire Azalea plant under the water until the bubbles stop. Remove the plant and let it drain.
28. Fiddle leaf fig
Growing plants indoors has long been a hobby of many people, and it has many benefits. One increasingly popular plant to grow is the Fiddle Leaf Fig (Ficus lyrata). Hailing from the lowland tropical rainforests of western Africa, this flowering plant belongs to the Moraceae family.
Fiddle Leaf Fig trees have a bit of a tropical flair about them, due in large part to their huge leaves. These plants are evergreen and when allowed to grow in their natural habitat they can reach up to 50 feet tall with a spread that is just as large.
Don't worry about that size indoors, though. The Fiddle Leaf houseplant can be topped so that it stops growing at just under 10 feet tall.
Because of their enormous green leaves, Fiddle Leaf Figs make great focal points in businesses like hotels and spas, in office buildings, and even in homes.
The trunk of this tree is skinny and tall, looking as though it can't support the weight of the plant. Don't let it fool you though, it's actually very strong. Because the trunk is so long, the tree begins to look rather like a bush that is full of leaves at the top.
The leaves of this plant are oval and shaped like fiddles (violins) and the leaves all grow to be different sizes. They can be up to twelve inches long and can be five inches wide. The leaves are glossy and have veins that are prominent.
When able to thrive in the wild, the Fiddle Leaf Fig will produce flowers that will become fruits. When kept indoors, however, this is not possible.
Avoid temperatures lower that 55°F/12°C and above 75°F/24°. If you use heating during the winter months, be sure to use a humidifier or some other source of artificial humidity to keep the Fiddle Leaf Fig in a slightly humid environment.
Your plant will do best if left to get sun in a brightly lit spot that doesn't get direct sunlight. An occasional dose of sunshine is good for the plant but avoid the harsh afternoon sun.
Underwatering your plant can be fixed quickly by adding more water, but over watering the plant causes damage that can't be undone. Before you water your Fiddle Leaf Fig, check the soil to see how moist it is. You only want to water your plant if the soil is slightly dry on top.
Though the plant is striking, you should know that it might not be safe to have in your home. The Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree is poisonous to cats and will likely result in their death if the consume any part of it. The Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree is poisonous to dogs and horses as well.
The best fertilizer for Fiddle Leaf Fig will be a normal one that is diluted. You don't need to do this too often, once a month should suffice.